Concussion Management Plan

About Us

The Concussion Management plan addresses the necessary cognitive and physical rest and academic accommodations needed to aid in the recovery process for our students affected by this brain injury.

Signs and Symptoms of a Concussion

Cognitive/Academic Physical Emotional Sleep
Difficulty thinking clearly Headache Irritability Sleeping more than usual
Feeling slowed down Nausea, vomiting, dizziness Sadness Sleeping less than usual
Difficulty concentrating Sensitivity to noise or light More emotional Trouble falling asleep or staying asleep
Difficulty remembering new information Feeling fatigued, having no energy Nervousness or anxiety
Feeling “in a fog” Balance disturbances

Concussion Support

To support students with concussions, faculty are encouraged to follow the ABCs of Concussion Management.

Access information provided by Academic Affairs and the Office of Accessible Education.

Be supportive of students' individual needs

Coordinate reasonable academic accommodations


Access information provided by Academic Affairs and the Office of Accessible Education.

All concussions are serious. Recognition and proper response to concussions when they first occur can help aid recovery and prevent further injury. Because of the risk of further brain damage, the most important and most immediate action following a concussion is to reduce physical activity and reduce mental activity.

Once a concussion has been confirmed by a medical professional, faculty will receive email notification of the concussion via a temporary letter of accommodation sent by the Office of Accessible Education and a letter of rest sent from the Academic Affairs Office. During the rest period (3-5 days), the student is being observed closely by a physician as well as monitored for cognitive functioning through the BW Speech Clinic. Click Letter of Rest template.pdf letter of rest.

Be supportive of students' individual needs

As a faculty member, you are a very important part of the Multi-Disciplinary Team who helps to manage concussion cases. When a student returns to class after a concussion, faculty should watch for:

  • Increased problems paying attention or concentrating
  • Increased problems remembering or learning new information
  • Longer time needed to complete tasks or assignments
  • Difficulty organizing tasks
  • Inappropriate or impulsive behavior during class
  • Greater irritability
  • Less ability to cope with stress or seeming more emotional

It is normal for students to feel frustrated, sad and even angry because they cannot keep up with their coursework. A student may also feel isolated from peers and social networks. Talk with the student about these issues and offer support and encouragement. As the student’s symptoms decrease, the extra help or support can be removed gradually.

Coordinate reasonable academic accommodations

It is the responsibility of the staff in the Office of Accessible Education, in conjunction with the physician and faculty in the BW Speech Clinic, to determine the reasonable accommodations to be provided for students diagnosed with a concussion.

Faculty should not assume this responsibility. Rather, it is expected that faculty will coordinate the reasonable academic support specified in the temporary letter of accommodation provided by the Office of Accessible Education. The onus is on the student to schedule time to talk about the accommodations upon his/her return to class.

Generally, services and accommodations for students may include speech-language therapy, environmental adaptations, academic support, and behavioral strategies.

Students may need to limit activities while they are recovering from a concussion. Activities that involve a lot of concentration, such as studying, lab work, or working on the computer may cause concussion symptoms (such as headache or tiredness) to reappear or worsen.

Students who return to class after a concussion may need to:

  • Take rest breaks as needed
  • Spend fewer hours in classes
  • Be given more time to take tests or complete assignments
  • Receive academic support with coursework
  • Reduce time spent on the computer, reading or writing

Concussion Management Plan

The BW Multi-Disciplinary Concussion Management process is a comprehensive plan which addresses necessary cognitive and physical rest and academic accommodations to aid in the recovery of students affected by this traumatic brain injury. The plan is guided by the NCAA Concussion Return-to-Learn Guidelines. In general these guidelines emphasize four major points:

  1. A stepwise program that fits the needs of the individual.
  2. Both physical and cognitive activities require brain energy and such brain energy is not available for physical and cognitive exertion because of concussion-induced brain crisis.
  3. Recommendations based on consensus statements, with a paucity of evidence-based data to correlate with consensus recommendations.
  4. Recommendations made within the context of a multi-disciplinary team that includes physicians, athletic trainers, coaches and administrators.

View the Concussion Management Plan for the BW Campus Community.

Multi-Disciplinary Concussion Management Team

Tricia Hamad - Athletic Training
Lisa Henderson - Academic Affairs
Christa Jones- Speech Clinic
Erin Kelley- Accessible Education
Patrick Ledwidge - Psychology
Christie Needham- Speech Clinic
Cindy Zilko- Athletic Training